Issue #4(14) 2017 Astronautics

CubeSats changing the landscape for ‘app’ developers

Mario Merri Mission Data System Division, ESA-ESOC, Darmstadt, Germany

Today’s development of software for spacecraft is very conservative and limited to a small set of experts in the space business, largely due to the existing constraints imposed by space hardware and to the typical criticality of space missions. But cubesats are changing the landscape as they grow in popularity and the possibilities offered by ever smaller and cheaper components are making space accessible to a wider number of people.

Onboard processors with great amounts of processing capability are allowing the space community to move towards spacecraft capable of executing actual operating systems. This ongoing transformation is similar to what happened for smartphones a decade ago.

The European Space Agency (ESA) is already tackling the needs for mission operations of such systems by developing a software framework for nanosatellites inspired by the latest technologies that already exist here on Earth.

There is a difference in orders of magnitude when comparing the processor speed and memory of flight hardware of a typical satellite system with mainstream desktop computing platforms on Earth. A 10-year lag is observed between the radiation-hardened processors and the commercial devices available in retail stores.

Software and hardware often go hand in hand. The limitation of the hardware resources together with requirements driven by the criticality and timeliness aspects of onboard control logic have led to very different software development processes for onboard software. Unfortunately, it has not benefited much from many recent advancements in the IT and general software development domain.

Contrary to popular belief, spacecraft computers do lag behind mainstream desktop computers by several technological generations.

Read more about software development for space missions in the full version of this article, available now to our subscribers.

To continue reading this premium article, subscribe now for unlimited access to all online content

If you already have a login and password to access - Please log in to be able to read all the articles of the site.

Popular articles

See also


Mini space station for mice to study effects of reproduction in reduced gravity


Could salty brines be the key to microbial life on Mars?


Space, secular stagnation, and the economic crisis

Popular articles

James Vaughan Lounge

The ethics of space exploration

NASA/JPL Science

Looking for life on Enceladus with IceMole

A panorama combining images from NASA’s Curiosity Mars Rover shows diverse geological textures on Mount Sharp. Science

Could salty brines be the key to microbial life on Mars?