Issue #4(18) 2018 Astronautics

Preparing for a robotic revolution in Earth orbit

A view of Canadian space robots Canadarm2 and Dextre on the International Space Station in LEO.
A view of Canadian space robots Canadarm2 and Dextre on the International Space Station in LEO.
Gordon Roesler Robots in Space LLC, Washington DC, USA

Here on Earth, the robotic revolution is in full swing. Robots in industry are increasing productivity, improving worker safety, and enabling new levels of performance that humans alone simply cannot match. The volume of industrial robots being produced is simply staggering: last year, 380,000 were sold worldwide. The automotive and electronics industries are basically fully automated. Robots are also beginning to make major contributions to the construction, agriculture, chemical, and metals industries. This raises a question: why are there so few robots in orbit around the Earth?

The dangers to humans from performing tasks in space, the cost of supporting human life there, and the remoteness of some space platforms from human presence, all argue for shifting as many tasks as possible to robotic systems. What has impeded this obvious application of robotics? I would argue that there have been three historical impediments: the demands of the space environment and space operations; a small industrial base for space robotic systems; and a space industry that requires extensive heritage before making investments in new capabilities. All of these are beginning to yield to the compelling promise of space robotics.

If you already have a login and password to access www.room.eu.com - Please log in to be able to read all the articles of the site.

Popular articles

See also

Lounge

Who owns outer space?

Astronautics

Growing space businesses in the UK: from incubation centres to public funding

Lounge

Archaeologist of the future

Popular articles

Crew physician Victoria Kirichenko with assistant William Brown taking venous blood for biochemical andimmunity studies. Astronautics

The effects of spaceflight on the female body

View from the International Space Station of the entire Iberian Peninsula showing Portugal and Spain, with the Strait of Gibraltar visible at bottom. Astronautics

Portugal’s sustainable space strategy