Issue #1(15) 2018 Astronautics

Challenging the boundaries of materials science

Spacewalking astronaut installing a tray supporting numerous material samples at the International Space Station.
Spacewalking astronaut installing a tray supporting numerous material samples at the International Space Station.
Barrie Dunn University of Portsmouth, UK

Space missions of all kinds are becoming ever more ambitious in terms of frequency, distance and complexity. As mission requirements grow and evolve at an increasing rate, Dr Barrie Dunn looks at how the global space industry is pushing the boundaries of materials science and is addressing the need for more qualified materials engineers in the field.

Technology in the space industry is in a constant state of change and materials scientists and engineers are working to overcome the technical difficulties associated with increased launches and extended missions over ever greater distances.

Lightweight and exceptionally strong (high modulus) materials and lubricants with very low-outgassing under vacuum properties are being specially developed for space applications. Special surface treatments are being formulated and processed to be both very hard and adherent to their substrates, to exclude the cold-welding phenomenon where metal sticks to metal due to surface wear and the absence of oxygen to regenerate oxide protection layers.

The materials and processes (M&P) requirements associated with the space industry are highly demanding and a continuous challenge to the engineers involved in reducing the risk of failure. Teams of metallurgists, chemists and electrical and structural engineers work to avoid conventional hardware failures that may cause the loss of function of a spacecraft system or designs that are so costly to build that the project fails on economic grounds.

To continue reading this premium article, subscribe now for unlimited access to all online content

If you already have a login and password to access www.room.eu.com - Please log in to be able to read all the articles of the site.

Popular articles

See also

Security

The Global Space Governance Study – A new regulatory framework for New Space?

Astronautics

Big or small - aerospace innovates through constraints

Astronautics

Baikonur, Kibo and beyond: Japan’s leading role in space

Popular articles

Spacewalking astronaut installing a tray supporting numerous material samples at the International Space Station. Astronautics

Challenging the boundaries of materials science

An artistic interpretation of Omaha Crater. At the far lakeside is a hydroelectric turbine which stores energy by pumping brine from lower to upper hydroelectric brine reservoirs. A reservoir pairing and habitation modules are shown at right. Specials

Developing Mars

Astronautics

Future Cubesat swarms pose significant communications challenges